Monday, 9 February 2015

Currier and Ives the vanishing point of the America's Great Frontier

This is a well know print that was produced by the lithography firm of currier and Ives in 1868. it represents the role of the railroad in the moving of people west. in this print we see what most people say the frontier to be. a beautiful land of rich recourses. a land that seemingly had no end and a land that even though it did have inhabitant already there they would eventually fade in to the smoke.

Sunday, 8 February 2015

Frank Tenney Johnson - Moonlight Canyon

Frank Tenney Johnson (1974 – 1939)

During his lifetime Johnson travelled west from New York a lot to gather materials for his paintings, also did a lot of travelling south west to paint Native Americans. He lived in Alhambra, California from 1920 and spent a lot of his time painting near Yellowstone National Park.

This was painted by Frank Tenney Johnson in 1931, and is entitled Moonlit Canyon. This image was painted after the exploration of the west, yet it still portrays the west as being wild. The two men on horseback are at a cross roads in the canyon, with the path ahead cast in shadows. This shows that the idea of the west being unknown and wild is still present even in 1931. The image is of an area that could not be reached by larger means of transport, meaning that the only ways to explore this area is by foot or horseback which gives it a secretive feeling. It suggests that areas of the west are still untouched by more modern things, such as modern cars.

The longer hair of the men suggest that they are Native Americans as short hair was preferred by American men at the time. The fact that these men may be Native American gives the impression that the idea of the wild and the Native Americans have a connection, as if Native Americans have not been touched by modern times either.  

The towering cannon in the background gives the impression of the vastness of the wilderness, which is exaggerated by the size comparison created by the men being present in the picture. The fact that this image was painted at night gives a secretive feeling to the image, as well as a feeling of the area being untouched by the noise and colour of 1930’s America.

The Outlier

Frederic Remington's The Outlier (1909)

This piece was painted in the same year Frederic Remington died which shows that the man became quite  nostalgic towards the end of his life. Western subjects remained a staple throughout Remington's career however they usually seemed to depict the more 'exciting' scenes of battle between the cavalry and the Indians in a crisp realism. However this piece is painted with loose impressionistic brushstrokes and depicts a solitary figure riding through a nocturnal landscape. It is enriched with nostalgia, by 1909 the wars for U.S. control over Indian territories had been over for twenty years. 

This could be interpreted as perhaps a sense of guilt on Remington's part, he had been there to witness the great decline of these strong indigenous people and one of his last paintings depicts an Indian completely alone. He is referred to as 'The Outlier', something that suggests to us that he is perhaps one of the last ones left, he does not fit the rest of the data.